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The Jackson Heart Study

Description : The Jackson Heart Study (JHS) is a collaborative research project to investigate risk factors for cardiovascular disease in African American men and women living in Jackson, MS. JHS is a single-site prospective epidemiologic investigation of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among African-Americans from the Jackson, Mississippi metropolitan area.


The Jackson Heart Study (JHS) is a population-based longitudinal study in Jackson, Mississippi, that examines the factors that influence the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in African American men and women. It is the largest single-site, prospective, epidemiologic investigation of (CVD) among African Americans ever undertaken, and will significantly impact not only African Americans in Mississippi, but throughout the United States. The study began in 1999. Since CVD is more prevalent among African Americans than any other ethnic group, JHS seeks to explore the reasons for this disparity and to uncover new approaches to reduce it.

The primary objectives of the JHS are to investigate the causes of CVD in African Americans to learn how to best prevent this group of diseases in the future. More specific objectives include: The JHS represents an expansion of one of the study sites of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study which included four geographically diverse communities in the U.S. (northwestern suburbs of Minneapolis, Minnesota; Washington County, Maryland; Forsyth County, North Carolina; and the city of Jackson, Mississippi). Prior to the examination, a series of community meetings and focus groups were held and a survey was conducted to identify ways to enhance participation in the initial and subsequent examinations and ways to strengthen awareness of CVD prevention. The JHS recruited 5,301 participants who are African-American men and women between the ages of 35 and 84. The data collected in the JHS includes both conventional risk factors and new or emerging factors that may be related to CVD. Some of the newer areas of focus include early indicators of disease, genetics, socio-cultural influences, such as socioeconomic status and discrimination, and physiological relations between common disorders such as high blood pressure, obesity, and diabetes and their influence on CVD.

JHS’s renewal goals are: The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) and the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NCMHD) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) sponsor the JHS. The study exemplifies a unique collaborative model designed to discover and test best practices for eliminating health disparities. The partnership includes NHLBI, NCMHD, the Jackson community, and three local institutions:
Contact Info:
Jackson Heart Study
350 W.Woodrow Wilson Drive
Suite 701 Jackson, MS 39213
jhs@jsums.edu
(601) 368-4650
 
Website:
http://jhs.jsums.edu/jhsinfo
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